Stress and strain analysis and induced seismicity in geological gas storage (Yela, Spain)
EntityUAM. Departamento de Geología y Geoquímica
10.1016/j.jsg.2022.104662Journal of Structural Geology 161 (2022): 104662
ISSN0191-8141 (print); 1873-1201 (online)
ProjectGobierno de España. PID2020-113407RB-I00
SubjectsActive Stress; Strain Induced; Energy; Stress and Strain Analysis; Geología
Rights© 2022 The Authors
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.
Geologic gas storage is a sustainable strategy to store energy in underground reservoirs in order to be used under demand. Injection and withdrawal gas operations could trigger induced seismicity according to the tectonic constrains of the reservoir. The study of the active stress/strain fields shows the properties of the fault patterns that can be involved in induced seismicity. In our work, we have determined the strain/stress field in the Yela underground gas storage, an Upper Cretaceous carbonate reservoir located in central Spain. Slickensides on fault planes were measured from Cretaceous, Miocene and Quaternary rocks. Results show a strain field with ey (maximum horizontal shortening) oriented NW-SE. This field was compressional during the early Miocene, switching off to extensional from late Miocene to present-day. Our results suggest that NNW-SSE and NW-SE oriented faults could act as an effective pathway for gas leakage and prone to trigger induced seismicity. Moreover, 141 small earthquakes (Mmax 2.3) were recorded during underground operations in Yela. Peaks of earthquakes appear seasonally from November to February, in coincidence with the injection operations prior to the winter withdrawal. Working at its maximum gas storage volume, earthquake peaks decreased in intensity and magnitude from 2017 to 2021, and show a time lag of 3 months from the month of maximum volume injection to the earthquake occurrence
Google Scholar:Perez-Lopez, Raúl - Ramos, Adrià - Giner Robles, Jorge Luis
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