Nitrate removal in saline water by photo-reduction using natural FeTiO as catalyst
EntityUAM. Departamento de Ingeniería Química
10.1016/j.ceja.2022.100387Chemical Engineering Journal Advances 12 (2022): 100387
ProjectGobierno de España. PID2019–106884GB-I00; Comunidad de Madrid. 2018/EMT4341/REMTAVARES-CM
SubjectsCatalyst; Nitrites; Denitrification; Química
Rights© 2022 The Authors
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.
As climate change progresses, there is an increasing interest on the use of non-conventional water sources such as brackish or saline waters. Nowadays, the main threat in Europe detected in these waterbodies is nitrate contamination. Within the multiple available methods studied for nitrate reduction, photocatalysis presents promising results, but this technology has not yet been tested in saline water. This work tackles the elimination of nitrate ([NO3−] =50 mg/L) in brackish and saline water ([sea salt] = 5–33 g/L) using ilmenite as photocatalyst and oxalic acid as an environmental-friendly reducing agent. The main challenge when working in saline water is to overcome oxalic acid scavenging by Ca2+ present in the water matrix. This can be solved either working at over stoichiometric concentrations of oxalic acid (≈300% stoich. dose) or acidifying the reaction media. The addition of hydrochloric acid ensures the protonation of oxalic acid, reducing drastically its precipitation as CaC2O4. Working at [C2O42−] = 180 mg/L, [FeTiO3] = 450 mg/L and [HCl 37%] = 13 mM, 73% total nitrogen (TN) elimination was reached after 420 min. Reaction temperature was also evaluated in the range of 20–80 °C, which allowed to calculate the Ea=9.8 kJ/mol. Finally, the effect of dissolved O2 on the TN reduction was assessed. Overall, photocatalytic nitrate reduction presents itself as a feasible technology regardless of the water salinity
Google Scholar:Silveira, Jefferson Eduardo - García Costa, Alicia Loreto - Carbajo Olleros, Jaime - Ribeiro, Alyson R. - Pliego Rodríguez, Gema - Paz, Wendel S. - Zazo Martínez, Juan Antonio - Casas de Pedro, José Antonio
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