Sprint Performance and Mechanical Force-Velocity Profile among Different Maturational Stages in Young Soccer Players
EntityUAM. Departamento de Educación Física, Deporte y Motricidad Humana
10.3390/ijerph19031412Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 19(2022): 1412
SubjectsAdolescents; Allometric scaling; Football; Performance; Physical exercise; Team sports; Deportes; Derecho; Economía; Educación
RightsCopyright: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
The aim of the present study was to determine the influence of maturation status on the components of the sprint force-velocity (F-V) profile in young soccer players. Sixty-two young male soccer players from the same professional soccer academy took part in the present study. A cross-sectional design was implemented to compare the main components of the sprint F-V profile (i.e., maximal theoretical force (F0), velocity (V0), power (Pmax), and ratio of horizontal-to-resultant force (RFpeak), and decrease in the ratio of horizontal-to-resultant force (DRF)) and sprint performance (5, 20, and 30 m sprint time) among participants’ maturation stages (i.e., pre-, mid-and post-peak height velocity (PHV) groups). The results show that the ES of differences in 5 min sprint performance, F0, and RFpeak (i.e., strength-and acceleration-related components of the sprint F-V profile) were greater between pre-and mid-PHV groups than those between mid-and post-PHV groups (i.e., large and very large effects (1.24 ≤ ES ≤ 2.42) vs. moderate, small, and zero effects (0 ≤ ES ≤ 0.69), respectively). However, the ES of differences in V0 and DRF (i.e., peak speed-related components of the sprint F-V profile) were greater between mid-and post-PHV groups than those between pre-and mid-PHV groups (i.e., large effects (1.54 ≤ ES ≤ 1.92) vs. moderate effects (−0.59 ≤ ES ≤ 1), respectively). Once the strength development is achieved to a great extent from the pre-to mid-PHV groups, specific strength training methods may be used for young soccer players to improve their sprint performance
Google Scholar:Fernández-Galván, Luis Miguel - Jiménez-Reyes, Pedro - Cuadrado Peñafiel, Víctor - Casado, Arturo
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