Toxicity study in a pig model of intraperitoneal collagenase as an “enzymatic scalpel” directed to break stroma in order to generate a new perspective for peritoneal carcinomatosis approach: an experimental research
EntityUAM. Departamento de Cirugía
PublisherBioMed Central Ltd
10.1186/s12957-022-02524-2World Journal of Surgical Oncology 20.1 (2022) 53
Rights© The Author(s) 2022
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
Background: This study aimed to measure the toxicity resulting from collagenase administration to the peritoneal cavity in a pig model as a preliminary step to break down the stroma surrounding tumors. Methods: Eight pigs were treated with 2 different collagenase concentrations previously tested in rats by our group. Time and temperature were controlled using a peritoneal lavage system (PRS System, Combat Medical Ltd.) identical to that used in human surgeries through hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC); 2 additional pigs were treated with peritoneal lavage only. Samples of blood and peritoneal fluid were collected pre-treatment, immediately after treatment, and 24 h postoperatively. In addition, histological studies and blood collagenase levels were measured. Results: No complications were observed during the surgeries. Intraoperative images evidenced the release of peritoneal tissue during collagenase treatment. After surgery, the animals showed no signs of pain. Diet and mobility were normal at 4 h postoperatively, and there were no significant differences in hematologic or biochemical parameters. Quantification of MMP1 and MMP2 in all samples as measured by absorbance showed no differences in blood collagenase levels between pre-treatment, post-treatment, and 24 h postoperatively. None of the animals treated with collagenase showed peritoneal adhesions during the second surgery. Histologically, peritoneal organs and serous structures did not show any microscopic alterations associated with collagenase treatment in any group. Conclusion: Lavage of the peritoneal cavity with doses of up to 100,000 collagen digestion units/animal for 30 min is safe and removes connective tissue from the peritoneal cavity.
Google Scholar:García Arranz, Mariano Andrés - Villarejo Campos, Pedro - Barambio, J. - García Gómez-Heras, Soledad - Vega-Clemente, Luz - Guadalajara Labajo, Héctor - García Olmo, Dolores C.
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