The Early Oxidative Stress Induced by Mercury and Cadmium Is Modulated by Ethylene in Medicago sativa Seedlings
EntityUAM. Departamento de Biología
10.3390/antiox12030551Antioxidants 12.3 (2023): 551
ProjectGobierno de España. AGL2010-15151; Gobierno de España. AGL2014-53771-R; Gobierno de España. AGL2017-87591-R
Subjectsalfalfa; cadmium; ethylene; heavy metals; mercury; oxidative stress; Biología y Biomedicina / Biología
Rights© 2023 by the authors
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución 4.0 Internacional.
Cadmium (Cd) and mercury (Hg) are ubiquitous soil pollutants that promote the accumulation of reactive oxygen species, causing oxidative stress. Tolerance depends on signalling processes that activate different defence barriers, such as accumulation of small heat sock proteins (sHSPs), activation of antioxidant enzymes, and the synthesis of phytochelatins (PCs) from the fundamental antioxidant peptide glutathione (GSH), which is probably modulated by ethylene. We studied the early responses of alfalfa seedlings after short exposure (3, 6, and 24 h) to moderate to severe concentration of Cd and Hg (ranging from 3 to 30 μM), to characterize in detail several oxidative stress parameters and biothiol (i.e., GSH and PCs) accumulation, in combination with the ethylene signalling blocker 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP). Most changes occurred in roots of alfalfa, with strong induction of cellular oxidative stress, H2O2 generation, and a quick accumulation of sHSPs 17.6 and 17.7. Mercury caused the specific inhibition of glutathione reductase activity, while both metals led to the accumulation of PCs. These responses were attenuated in seedlings incubated with 1-MCP. Interestingly, 1-MCP also decreased the amount of PCs and homophytochelatins generated under metal stress, implying that the overall early response to metals was controlled at least partially by ethylene
Google Scholar:Flores-Cáceres, María Laura - Ortega Villasante, Cristina - Carril, Pablo - Sobrino Plata, Juan - Hernández, Luis E.
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