Association between neighborhood physical characteristics and mental health among older adults in Spain
EntityUAM. Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública y Microbiología
10.1016/j.gerinurse.2022.12.009Geriatric Nursing 49 (2023): 170-177
Subjectsneighborhood characteristics; environment; mental health; older adults; Medicina
Rights© 2022 The Author(s)
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.
The aim was to assess the impact of neighborhood physical environment on mental health among non-institutionalized older adults. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted over a representative sample of 5,071 people 65 years from the Spanish National Health Survey. The survey included nine items addressing the self-perceived degree of discomfort due to neighborhood physical problems. Participants were categorized into groups with “no problems”, “some problems” (somewhat discomfort on 1 4 items) and “many problems” (somewhat discomfort on 5 items or very much discomfort on 1 item). Mental health status was assessed using the General Health Questionnaire, consisting of 12 items assessing the severity of a psychological distress over the past few weeks. Adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using logistic regressions. A dose-response association (p-trend<0.001) was found between living in neighborhoods with some (OR: 1.41; 95% CI: 1.14 1.75) or many problems (OR: 1.93; 95% CI: 1.55 2.42) affecting the physical environment with poor mental health of community dwelling older adults. Integrating and articulating health considerations into public policymaking regarding housing and the residential environment can have broad implications for healthy aging
Google Scholar:Arias-Fernández, Lucía - Carcedo Arguelles, Lucía - Martín Payo, Ruben - López García, Esther - Rodríguez Artalejo, Fernando - Lana, Alberto
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