Gene-wide analysis detects two new susceptibility genes for Alzheimer's disease

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dc.contributor.author Escott-Price, Valentina
dc.contributor.author Bellenguez, Céline
dc.contributor.author Wang, Lisan
dc.contributor.author Choi, Seunghoan
dc.contributor.author Harold, Denise H.
dc.contributor.author Jones, Lesley A.
dc.contributor.author Holmans, Peter A.
dc.contributor.author Gerrish, Amy
dc.contributor.author Vedernikov, Alexey
dc.contributor.author Richards, Alexander L.
dc.contributor.author Destefano, Anita L.
dc.contributor.author Lambert, Jean Charles
dc.contributor.author Ibrahim-Verbaas, Carla A.
dc.contributor.author Naj, Adam C.
dc.contributor.author Sims, Rebecca J A
dc.contributor.author Jun, Gyungah
dc.contributor.author Bis, Joshua C M
dc.contributor.author Beecham, Gary W.
dc.contributor.author Grenier-Boley, Benjamin
dc.contributor.author Russo, Giancarlo Carlo
dc.contributor.author Thornton-Wells, Tricia A.
dc.contributor.author Denning, Nicola
dc.contributor.author Smith, Albert Vernon
dc.contributor.author Chouraki, Vincent
dc.contributor.author Thomas, Charlene
dc.contributor.author Arfan Ikram, M.
dc.contributor.author Zélénika, Diana
dc.contributor.author Vardarajan, Badri Narayan
dc.contributor.author Kamatani, Yoichiro
dc.contributor.author Lin, Chiaofeng
dc.contributor.author Schmidt, Helena
dc.contributor.author Kunkle, Brian W.
dc.contributor.author Dunstan, Melanie L.
dc.contributor.author Vronskaya, Maria
dc.contributor.author Johnson, Andrew D.
dc.contributor.author Ruíz, Agustín R.
dc.contributor.author Bihoreau, Marie Thérèse
dc.contributor.author Reitz, Christiane
dc.contributor.author Pasquier, Florence
dc.contributor.author Hollingworth, Paul
dc.contributor.author Hanon, Olivier
dc.contributor.author Fitzpatrick, Annette L.
dc.contributor.author Buxbaum, Joseph D.
dc.contributor.author Campion, Dominique
dc.contributor.author Crane, Paul K.
dc.contributor.author Becker, Clinton Baldwin Tim
dc.contributor.author Gudnason, Vilmundur G.
dc.contributor.author Cruchaga, Carlos
dc.contributor.author Craig, David A.
dc.contributor.author Amin, Najaf
dc.contributor.author Berr, Claudine
dc.contributor.author López, Óscar L.
dc.contributor.author De Jager, Philip L.
dc.contributor.author Deramecourt, Vincent
dc.contributor.author Johnston, Janet A.
dc.contributor.author Evans, Denis Andrew
dc.contributor.author Lovestone, Simon
dc.contributor.author Letenneur, Luc U C
dc.contributor.author Hernández, Isabel Martínez
dc.contributor.author Rubinsztein, David C.
dc.contributor.author Eiríksdóttir, Gudný
dc.contributor.author Sleegers, Kristel
dc.contributor.author Goate, Alison M.
dc.contributor.author Fiévet, Nathalie
dc.contributor.author Huentelman, Matthew J J.
dc.contributor.author Gill, Michael
dc.contributor.author Brown, Kristelle S.
dc.contributor.author Kamboh, Mohammad Ilyas
dc.contributor.author Keller, Lina
dc.contributor.author Barberger-Gateau, Pascale
dc.contributor.author McGuinness, Bernadette M.
dc.contributor.author Larson, Eric B.
dc.contributor.author Myers, Amanda J.
dc.contributor.author Dufouil, Carole
dc.contributor.author Todd, Stephen A.
dc.contributor.author Wallon, David
dc.contributor.author Love, Seth
dc.contributor.author Rogaeva, Ekaterina A.
dc.contributor.author Gallacher, John E J
dc.contributor.author St. George-Hyslop, Peter
dc.contributor.author Clarimon, Jordi
dc.contributor.author Lleõ, Alberto
dc.contributor.author Bayer, A.
dc.contributor.author Tsuang, Debby W.
dc.contributor.author Yu, Lei
dc.contributor.author Tsolaki, Magda N.
dc.contributor.author Bossù, Paola
dc.contributor.author Spalletta, Gianfranco
dc.contributor.author Proitsi, Petra
dc.contributor.author Collinge, John C.
dc.contributor.author Sorbi, Sandro
dc.contributor.author Sánchez-García, Florentino
dc.contributor.author Fox, Nick C.
dc.contributor.author Hardy, John Anthony
dc.contributor.author Naranjo, Maria Candida Deniz
dc.contributor.author Bosco, Paolo
dc.contributor.author Clarke, Robert J.
dc.contributor.author Brayne, Carol E G
dc.contributor.author Galimberti, Daniela
dc.contributor.author Scarpini, Elio A.
dc.contributor.author Bonuccelli, Ubaldo
dc.contributor.author Mancuso, Michelangelo
dc.contributor.author Siciliano, Gabriele
dc.contributor.author Moebus, Susanne
dc.contributor.author Mecocci, Patrizia
dc.contributor.author Del Zompo, M.
dc.contributor.author Maier, Wolfgang A.
dc.contributor.author Hampel, Harald
dc.contributor.author Pilotto, Alberto
dc.contributor.author Frank-García, Anna
dc.contributor.author Panza, Francesco
dc.contributor.author Solfrizzi, Vincenzo
dc.contributor.author Caffarra, Paolo
dc.contributor.author Nacmias, B.
dc.contributor.author Perry, William Lloyd
dc.contributor.author Mayhaus, Manuel
dc.contributor.author Lannfelt, Lars
dc.contributor.author Hákonarson, Hákon H.
dc.contributor.author Pichler, Sabrina
dc.contributor.author Carrasquillo, Minerva M.
dc.contributor.author Ingelsson, Martin
dc.contributor.author Beekly, Duane L.
dc.contributor.author Álvarez, Victoria Asensi
dc.contributor.author Zou, Fanggeng
dc.contributor.author Valladares, Otto
dc.contributor.author Younkin, Steven G.
dc.contributor.author Coto, Eliécer
dc.contributor.author Hamilton-Nelson, Kara L.
dc.contributor.author Gu, Wei
dc.contributor.author Razquin, Cristina
dc.contributor.author Pastor, Pau
dc.contributor.author Mateo, Ignacio
dc.contributor.author Owen, Michael John
dc.contributor.author Faber, Kelley M.
dc.contributor.author Jónsson, Pálmi Válmi
dc.contributor.author Combarros, Onofre
dc.contributor.author O'Donovan, M. C.
dc.contributor.author Cantwell, Laura B.
dc.contributor.author Soininen, Hilkka S.
dc.contributor.author Blacker, Deborah L.
dc.contributor.author Mead, Simon H.
dc.contributor.author Mosley, Thomas H.
dc.contributor.author Bennett, David Alan
dc.contributor.author Harris, Tamara B.
dc.contributor.author Fratiglioni, Laura
dc.contributor.author Holmes, Clive A.
dc.contributor.author De Bruijn, Renée Fag A G
dc.contributor.author Passmore, Peter A.
dc.contributor.author Montine, Thomas J.
dc.contributor.author Bettens, Karolien
dc.contributor.author Rotter, Jerome I.
dc.contributor.author Brice, Alexis
dc.contributor.author Morgan, Kevin N.
dc.contributor.author Foroud, Tatiana M.
dc.contributor.author Kukull, Walter A.
dc.contributor.author Hannequin, Didier
dc.contributor.author Powell, John F F
dc.contributor.author Nalls, Michael A.
dc.contributor.author Ritchie, Karen Anne
dc.contributor.author Lunetta, Kathryn L.
dc.contributor.author Kauwe, John S K
dc.contributor.author Boerwinkle, Eric Eric
dc.contributor.author Riemenschneider, Matthias
dc.contributor.author Boada, Merçé
dc.contributor.author Hiltunen, Mikko J.
dc.contributor.author Martin, Eden R.
dc.contributor.author Schmidt, Reinhold Ernst S
dc.contributor.author Rujescu, Dan A N
dc.contributor.author Dartigues -, Jean François
dc.contributor.author Mayeux, Richard P.
dc.contributor.author Tzourio, Christophe
dc.contributor.author Hofman, Albert
dc.contributor.author Nöthen, Markus M.
dc.contributor.author Graff, Caroline
dc.contributor.author Psaty, Bruce M.
dc.contributor.author Haines, Jonathan L.
dc.contributor.author Lathrop, Mark G.
dc.contributor.author Peričak-Vance, Margaret A O
dc.contributor.author Launer, Lenore J.
dc.contributor.author Van Broeckhoven, Christine L.
dc.contributor.author Farrer, Lindsay A A.
dc.contributor.author Van Duijn, Cornélia M.
dc.contributor.author Ramírez, Alfredo L.
dc.contributor.author Seshadri, Sudha
dc.contributor.author Schellenberg, Gerard David
dc.contributor.author Amouyel, Philippe
dc.contributor.author Williams, Julie I.
dc.contributor.other UAM. Departamento de Medicina es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2015-04-13T11:21:46Z
dc.date.available 2015-04-13T11:21:46Z
dc.date.issued 2014-06-12
dc.identifier.citation Plos One 9.6 (2014): e94661 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203 (online) en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10486/665042
dc.description.abstract Background: Alzheimer's disease is a common debilitating dementia with known heritability, for which 20 late onset susceptibility loci have been identified, but more remain to be discovered. This study sought to identify new susceptibility genes, using an alternative gene-wide analytical approach which tests for patterns of association within genes, in the powerful genome-wide association dataset of the International Genomics of Alzheimer's Project Consortium, comprising over 7 m genotypes from 25,580 Alzheimer's cases and 48,466 controls. Principal Findings: In addition to earlier reported genes, we detected genome-wide significant loci on chromosomes 8 (TP53INP1, p = 1.4×10-6) and 14 (IGHV1-67 p = 7.9×10-8) which indexed novel susceptibility loci. Significance: The additional genes identified in this study, have an array of functions previously implicated in Alzheimer's disease, including aspects of energy metabolism, protein degradation and the immune system and add further weight to these pathways as potential therapeutic targets in Alzheimer's disease en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The i-Select chips was funded by the French National Foundation on Alzheimer's disease and related disorders. The French National Fondation on Alzheimer's disease and related disorders supported several I-GAP meetings and communications. Data management involved the Centre National de Génotypage,and was supported by the Institut Pasteur de Lille, Inserm, FRC (fondation pour la recherche sur le cerveau) and Rotary. This work has been developed and supported by the LABEX (laboratory of excellence program investment for the future) DISTALZ grant (Development of Innovative Strategies for a Transdisciplinary approach to ALZheimer's disease) and by the LABEX GENMED grant (Medical Genomics). The French National Foundation on Alzheimer's disease and related disorders and the Alzheimer's Association (Chicago, Illinois) grant supported IGAP in-person meetings, communication and the Alzheimer's Association (Chicago, Illinois) grant provided some funds to each consortium for analyses. EADI The authors thank Dr. Anne Boland (CNG) for her technical help in preparing the DNA samples for analyses. This work was supported by the National Foundation for Alzheimer's disease and related disorders, the Institut Pasteur de Lille and the Centre National de Génotypage. The Three-City Study was performed as part of a collaboration between the Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (Inserm), the Victor Segalen Bordeaux II University and Sanofi-Synthélabo. The Fondation pour la Recherche Médicale funded the preparation and initiation of the study. The 3C Study was also funded by the Caisse Nationale Maladie des Travailleurs Salariés, Direction Générale de la Santé, MGEN, Institut de la Longévité, Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire des Produits de Santé, the Aquitaine and Bourgogne Regional Councils, Agence Nationale de la Recherche, ANR supported the COGINUT and COVADIS projects. Fondation de France and the joint French Ministry of Research/INSERM «Cohortes et collections de données biologiques» programme. Lille Génopôle received an unconditional grant from Eisai. The Three-city biological bank was developed and maintained by the laboratory for genomic analysis LAG-BRC - Institut Pasteur de Lille. Belgium sample collection: The patients were clinically and pathological characterized by the neurologists Sebastiaan Engelborghs, Rik Vandenberghe and Peter P. De Deyn, and in part genetically by Caroline Van Cauwenberghe, Karolien Bettens and Kristel Sleegers. Research at the Antwerp site is funded in part by the Belgian Science Policy Office Interuniversity Attraction Poles program, the Foundation Alzheimer Research (SAO-FRA), the Flemish Government initiated Methusalem Excellence Program, the Research Foundation Flanders (FWO) and the University of Antwerp Research Fund, Belgium. Karolien Bettens is a postdoctoral fellow of the FWO. The Antwerp site authors thank the personnel of the VIB Genetic Service Facility, the Biobank of the Institute Born-Bunge and the Departments of Neurology and Memory Clinics at the Hospital Network Antwerp and the University Hospitals Leuven. Finish sample collection: Financial support for this project was provided by the Health Research Council of the Academy of Finland, EVO grant 5772708 of Kuopio University Hospital, and the Nordic Centre of Excellence in Neurodegeneration. Italian sample collections: the Bologna site (FL) obtained funds from the Italian Ministry of research and University as well as Carimonte Foundation. The Florence site was supported by grant RF-2010-2319722, grant from the the Cassa di Risparmio di Pistoia e Pescia (Grant 2012) and the Cassa di Risparmio di Firenze (Grant 2012). The Milan site was supported by a grant from the «fondazione Monzino». The authors thank the expert contribution of Mr. Carmelo Romano. The Roma site received financial support from Italian Ministry of Health, Grant RF07-08 and RC08-09-10-11-12. The Pisa site is grateful to Dr. Annalisa LoGerfo for her technical assistance in the DNA purification studies. Spanish sample collection: the Madrid site (MB) was supported by grants of the Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia and the Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo (Instituto de Salud Carlos III), and an institutional grant of the Fundación Ramón Areces to the CBMSO. The authors thank I. Sastre and Dr. A. Martínez-García for the preparation and control of the DNA collection, and Drs. P. Gil and P. Coria for their cooperation in the cases/controls recruitment. The authors are grateful to the Asociación de Familiares de Alzheimer de Madrid (AFAL) for continuous encouragement and help. Swedish sample collection: Financially supported in part by the Swedish Brain Power network, the Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, the Swedish Research Council (521-2010-3134), the King Gustaf V and Queen Victoria's Foundation of Freemasons, the Regional Agreement on Medical Training and Clinical Research (ALF) between Stockholm County Council and the Karolinska Institutet, the Swedish Brain Foundation and the Swedish Alzheimer Foundation. CHARGE AGES: The AGES-Reykjavik Study is funded by National Institutes of Health (NIH) contract N01-AG-12100 (National Institute on Aging (NIA) with contributions from the National Eye Institute, National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)), the NIA Intramural Research Program, Hjartavernd (the Icelandic Heart Association), and the Althingi (the Icelandic Parliament). ASPS/PRODEM: The Austrian Stroke Prevention Study and The Prospective Dementia Register of the Austrian Alzheimer Society was supported by The Austrian Science Fond (FWF) grant number P20545-P05 (H. Schmidt) and P13180; The Austrian Alzheimer Society; The Medical University of Graz. Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS): This CHS research was supported by NHLBI contracts HHSN268201200036C, HHSN268200800007C, N01HC55222, N01HC85079, N01HC85080, N01HC85081, N01HC85082, N01HC85083, N01HC85086, and HHSN268200960009C; and NHLBI grants HL080295, HL087652, HL105756 with additional contribution from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). Additional support was provided through AG023629, AG15928, AG20098, AG027058 and AG033193 (Seshadri) from the NIA. A full list of CHS investigators and institutions can be found at http://www.chs-nhlbi.org/pi. The provision of genotyping data was supported in part by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, CTSI grant UL1TR000124, and the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease Diabetes Research Center (DRC) grant DK063491 to the Southern California Diabetes Endocrinology Research Center. Framingham Heart Study (FHS): This work was supported by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute's Framingham Heart Study (Contract No. N01-HC-25195) and its contract with A_ymetrix, Inc for genotyping services (Contract No. N02-HL-6-4278). A portion of this research utilized the Linux Cluster for Genetic Analysis (LinGA-II) funded by the Robert Dawson Evans Endowment of the Department of Medicine at Boston University School of Medicine and Boston Medical Center. This study as also supported by grants from the National Institute on Aging: AG08122 and AG033193 (Seshadri). Drs. Seshadri and DeStefano were also supported by additional grants from the National Institute on Aging: (R01 AG16495; AG031287, AG033040), the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (R01 NS17950), and the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (U01 HL096917, HL093029 and K24HL038444, RC2-HL102419 and UC2 HL103010. Fundació ACE would like to thank patients and controls who participated in this project. This work has been funded by the Fundación Alzheimur (Murcia), the Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (PCT-010000-2007-18), (DEX-580000-2008-4), (Gobierno de España), Corporación Tecnológica de Andalucía (08/211) and Agencia IDEA (841318) (Consejería de Innovación, Junta de Andalucía). The authors thank to Ms. Trinitat Port-Carbó and her family for their generous support of Fundació ACE research programs. The Rotterdam Study: The Rotterdam Study was funded by Erasmus Medical Center and Erasmus University, Rotterdam; the Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development; the Research Institute for Diseases in the Elderly; the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science; the Ministry for Health, Welfare and Sports; the European Commission;and the Municipality of Rotterdam; by grants from the Research Institute for Diseases in the Elderly (014-93-015; RIDE2), Internationale Stichting Alzheimer Onderzoek, Hersenstichting Nederland, the Netherlands Genomics Initiative–Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (Center for Medical Systems Biology and the Netherlands Consortium for Healthy Aging), the Seventh Framework Program (FP7/2007-2013), the ENGAGE project (grant agreement HEALTH-F4-2007-201413), MRACE-grant from the Erasmus Medical Center, the Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development (ZonMW Veni-grant no. 916.13.054). ARIC: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (ARIC) is carried out as a collaborative study supported by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute contracts N01-HC-55015, N01-HC-55016, N01-HC-55018, N01- HC-55019, N01-HC-55020, N01-HC-55021, N01-HC-55022 and grants R01-HL087641, RC2-HL102419 (Boerwinkle, CHARGE-S), UC2 HL103010, U01-HL096917 (Mosley) and R01-HL093029; NHGRI contract U01- HG004402; and NIH contract HHSN268200625226C and NIA: R01 AG033193 (Seshadri). Infrastructure was partly supported by Grant Number UL1RR025005, a component of the National Institutes of Health and NIH Roadmap for Medical Research. GERAD Cardiff University was supported by the Wellcome Trust, Medical Research Council (MRC), Alzheimer's Research United Kingdom (ARUK) and the Welsh Government. ARUK supported sample collections at the Kings College London, the South West Dementia Bank, Universities of Cambridge, Nottingham, Manchester and Belfast. The Belfast group acknowledges support from the Alzheimer's Society, Ulster Garden Villages, N. Ireland R & D Office and the Royal College of Physicians/Dunhill Medical Trust. The MRC and Mercer's Institute for Research on Ageing supported the Trinity College group. DCR is a Wellcome Trust Principal Research fellow. The South West Dementia Brain Bank acknowledges support from Bristol Research into Alzheimer's and Care of the Elderly. The Charles Wolfson Charitable Trust supported the OPTIMA group. Washington University was funded by NIH grants, Barnes Jewish Foundation and the Charles and Joanne Knight Alzheimer's Research Initiative. Patient recruitment for the MRC Prion Unit/UCL Department of Neurodegenerative Disease collection was supported by the UCLH/UCL Biomedical Centre and their work was supported by the NIHR Queen Square Dementia BRU. LASER-AD was funded by Lundbeck SA. The Bonn group would like to thank Dr. Heike Koelsch for her scientific support. The Bonn group was funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF): Competence Network Dementia (CND) grant number 01GI0102, 01GI0711, 01GI0420. The AgeCoDe study group was supported by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research grants 01 GI 0710, 01 GI 0712, 01 GI 0713, 01 GI 0714, 01 GI 0715, 01 GI 0716, 01 GI 0717. The Homburg group was funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF): German National Genome Research Network (NGFN); Alzheimer's disease Integrated Genome Research Network; AD-IG: 01GS0465. Genotyping of the Bonn case-control sample was funded by the German centre for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE), Germany. The GERAD Consortium also used samples ascertained by the NIMH AD Genetics Initiative. Harald Hampel was supported by a grant of the Katharina-Hardt-Foundation, Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, Germany. The KORA F4 studies were financed by Helmholtz Zentrum München; German Research Center for Environmental Health; BMBF; German National Genome Research Network and the Munich Center of Health Sciences. The Heinz Nixdorf Recall cohort was funded by the Heinz Nixdorf Foundation (Dr. Jur. G.Schmidt, Chairman) and BMBF. Coriell Cell Repositories is supported by NINDS and the Intramural Research Program of the National Institute on Aging. The authors acknowledge use of genotype data from the 1958 Birth Cohort collection, funded by the MRC and the Wellcome Trust which was genotyped by the Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium and the Type-1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium, sponsored by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation International. The Nottingham Group (KM) are supported by the Big Lottery. MRC CFAS is part of the consortium and data will be included in future analyses. ADGC The National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging (NIH-NIA) supported this work through the following grants: ADGC, U01 AG032984, RC2 AG036528; NACC, U01 AG016976; NCRAD, U24 AG021886; NIA LOAD, U24 AG026395, R01 AG041797; MIRAGE R01 AG025259; Banner Sun Health Research Institute P30 AG019610; Boston University, P30 AG013846, U01 AG10483, R01 CA129769, R01 MH080295, R01 AG017173, R01AG33193; Columbia University, P50 AG008702, R37 AG015473; Duke University, P30 AG028377, AG05128; Emory University, AG025688; Group Health Research Institute, UO1 AG06781, UO1 HG004610; Indiana University, P30 AG10133; Johns Hopkins University, P50 AG005146, R01 AG020688; Massachusetts General Hospital, P50 AG005134; Mayo Clinic, P50 AG016574; Mount Sinai School of Medicine, P50 AG005138, P01 AG002219; New York University, P30 AG08051, MO1RR00096, and UL1 RR029893; Northwestern University, P30 AG013854; Oregon Health & Science University, P30 AG008017, R01 AG026916; Rush University, P30 AG010161, R01 AG019085, R01 AG15819, R01 AG17917, R01 AG30146; TGen, R01 NS059873; University of Alabama at Birmingham, P50 AG016582, UL1RR02777; University of Arizona, R01 AG031581; University of California, Davis, P30 AG010129; University of California, Irvine, P50 AG016573, P50, P50 AG016575, P50 AG016576, P50 AG016577; University of California, Los Angeles, P50 AG016570; University of California, San Diego, P50 AG005131; University of California, San Francisco, P50 AG023501, P01 AG019724; University of Kentucky, P30 AG028383; University of Michigan, P50 AG008671; University of Pennsylvania, P30 AG010124; University of Pittsburgh, P50 AG005133, AG030653, AG041718; University of Southern California, P50 AG005142; University of Texas Southwestern, P30 AG012300; University of Miami, R01 AG027944, AG010491, AG027944, AG021547, AG019757; University of Washington, P50 AG005136; Vanderbilt University, R01 AG019085; and Washington University, P50 AG005681, P01 AG03991. The Kathleen Price Bryan Brain Bank at Duke University Medical Center is funded by NINDS grant # NS39764, NIMH MH60451 and by Glaxo Smith Kline. Genotyping of the TGEN2 cohort was supported by Kronos Science. The TGen series was also funded by NIA grant AG034504 to AJM, The Banner Alzheimer's Foundation, The Johnnie B. Byrd Sr. Alzheimer's Institute, the Medical Research Council, and the state of Arizona and also includes samples from the following sites: Newcastle Brain Tissue Resource (funding via the Medical Research Council, local NHS trusts and Newcastle University), MRC London Brain Bank for Neurodegenerative Diseases (funding via the Medical Research Council), South West Dementia Brain Bank (funding via numerous sources including the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE), Alzheimer's Research Trust (ART), BRACE as well as North Bristol NHS Trust Research and Innovation Department and DeNDRoN), The Netherlands Brain Bank (funding via numerous sources including Stichting MS Research, Brain Net Europe, Hersenstichting Nederland Breinbrekend Werk, International Parkinson Fonds, Internationale Stiching Alzheimer Onderzoek), Institut de Neuropatologia, Servei Anatomia Patologica, Universitat de Barcelona. Marcelle Morrison-Bogorad, PhD., Tony Phelps, PhD and Walter Kukull PhD are thanked for helping to co-ordinate this collection. ADNI Funding for ADNI is through the Northern California Institute for Research and Education by grants from Abbott, AstraZeneca AB, Bayer Schering Pharma AG, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Eisai Global Clinical Development, Elan Corporation, Genentech, GE Healthcare, Glaxo-SmithKline, Innogenetics, Johnson and Johnson, Eli Lilly and Co., Medpace, Inc., Merck and Co., Inc., Novartis AG, Pfizer Inc, F. Hoffman-La Roche, Schering-Plough, Synarc, Inc., Alzheimer's Association, Alzheimer's Drug Discovery Foundation, the Dana Foundation, and by the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering and NIA grants U01 AG024904, RC2 AG036535, K01 AG030514. Data collection and sharing for this project was funded by the ADNI (National Institutes of Health Grant U01 AG024904). ADNI is funded by the National Institute on Aging, the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, and through generous contributions from the following: Alzheimer's Association; Alzheimer's Drug Discovery Foundation; BioClinica, Inc.; Biogen Idec Inc.; Bristol-Myers Squibb Company; Eisai Inc.; Elan Pharmaceuticals, Inc.; Eli Lilly and Company; F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd and its affiliated company Genentech, Inc.; GE Healthcare; Innogenetics, N.V.; IXICO Ltd.; Janssen Alzheimer Immunotherapy Research & Development, LLC.; Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development LLC.; Medpace, Inc.; Merck & Co., Inc.; Meso Scale Diagnostics, LLC.; NeuroRx Research; Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation; Pfizer Inc.; Piramal Imaging; Servier; Synarc Inc.; and Takeda Pharmaceutical Company. The Canadian Institutes of Health Research is providing funds to support ADNI clinical sites in Canada. Private sector contributions are facilitated by the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (www.fnih.org). The grantee organization is the Northern California Institute for Research and Education, and the study is coordinated by the Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study at the University of California, San Diego. ADNI data are disseminated by the Laboratory for Neuro Imaging at the University of California, Los Angeles. This research was also supported by NIH grants P30 AG010129 and K01 AG030514. The authors thank Drs. D. Stephen Snyder and Marilyn Miller from NIA who are ex-o_cio ADGC members. Support was also from the Alzheimer's Association (LAF, IIRG-08-89720; MP-V, IIRG-05-14147) and the United States Department of Veterans Affairs Administration, Office of Research and Development, Biomedical Laboratory Research Program. Peter St George-Hyslop is supported by Wellcome Trust, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and the Canadian Institute of Health en_US
dc.format.extent 13 pag. es_ES
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso eng es_ES
dc.publisher Public Library of Science en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Plos One en_US
dc.rights This is an open-access article, free of all copyright en_US
dc.subject.other Alzheimer disease en_US
dc.subject.other chromosome 8 en_US
dc.subject.other genotype en_US
dc.subject.other immune system en_US
dc.subject.other pathogenesis en_US
dc.subject.other protein degradation en_US
dc.title Gene-wide analysis detects two new susceptibility genes for Alzheimer's disease en_US
dc.type article en
dc.subject.eciencia Medicina es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0094661 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage e94661 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationissue 6 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage e94661 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 9 es_ES
dc.relation.projectID info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/201413 en_US
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion en
dc.rights.cc The work is made available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication en_US
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess en
dc.authorUAM Sicilia Suárez, Gabriela (271680)


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