Cross-Cultural Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the CES-D in Spanish and Mexican dementia caregivers

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Show simple item record Losada, Andrés es_ES Villareal, Mª de los Ángeles es_ES Nuevo, Roberto es_ES Márquez-González, María es_ES Salazar, Bertha C. es_ES Romero Moreno, Rosa es_ES Carrillo, Ana L. es_ES Fernández Fernández, Virginia es_ES
dc.contributor.other UAM. Departamento de Psicología Biológica y de la Salud es_ES 2015-07-21T10:29:55Z 2015-07-21T10:29:55Z 2013-01-10
dc.identifier.citation Spanish Journal of Psychology 15.2 (2012): 783 - 792 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1138-7416 (print) en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1988-2904 (online) en_US
dc.identifier.uri en_US
dc.description Subject to file availability and provided the posting includes a prominent statement of the full bibliographical details, a copyright notice in the name of the copyright holder (Cambridge University Press or the sponsoring Society, as appropriate), and a link to the online edition of the journal at Cambridge Journals Online. en_US
dc.description.abstract The Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) is the most frequently used scale for measuring depressive symptomatology in caregiving research. The aim of this study is to test its construct structure and measurement equivalence between caregivers from two Spanish-speaking countries. Face-to-face interviews were carried out with 595 female dementia caregivers from Madrid, Spain, and from Coahuila, Mexico. The structure of the CES-D was analyzed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis (EFA and CFA, respectively). Measurement invariance across samples was analyzed comparing a baseline model with a more restrictive model. Significant differences between means were found for 7 items. The results of the EFA clearly supported a four-factor solution. The CFA for the whole sample with the four factors revealed high and statistically significant loading coefficients for all items (except item number 4). When equality constraints were imposed to test for the invariance between countries, the change in chi-square was significant, indicating that complete invariance could not be assumed. Significant between-countries differences were found for three of the four latent factor mean scores. Although the results provide general support for the original four-factor structure, caution should be exercised on reporting comparisons of depression scores between Spanish-speaking countries. en_US
dc.description.abstract La Escala del Centro para Estudios Epidemiológicos (CES-D) es la más utilizada para medir sintomatología depresiva en la investigación sobre cuidadores. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar su estructura dimensional y su equivalencia de medida entre cuidadores de dos países de habla hispana. Se entrevistó a 595 mujeres cuidadoras de familiares con demencia de Madrid, España, y Coahuila, México. La estructura del CES-D se analizó mediante análisis factoriales exploratorios (AFE) y confirmatorios (AFC). Se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre las medias de 7 ítems. Los resultados del AFE con la muestra total respaldan claramente una solución de 4 factores. El AFC de la estructura de 4 factores revela cargas elevadas y significativas para todos los ítems (excepto el 4). Al imponer restricciones de igualdad para valorar la equivalencia entre países, el cambio en chi-cuadrado fue significativo, indicando que no se puede asumir una equivalencia completa. Se encontraron diferencias significativas entre países para tres de las cuatro puntuaciones medias en los factores latentes. Aunque los resultados proporcionan un apoyo general a la estructura original de cuatro factores, se debería tener una cierta cautela a la hora de informar sobre comparaciones en puntuaciones en depresión entre países de habla hispana. es_ES
dc.description.sponsorship The preparation of this article was supported in part by grants from the Spanish Ministerio de Educación (Grant SEJ2006-02489/PSIC) and the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (Grant PSI2009-08132/PSIC). en_US
dc.format.extent 10 pag. es_ES
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en_US
dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher Cambridge University Press en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Spanish Journal of Psychology en_US
dc.rights © 2012 by The Spanish Journal of Psychology en_US
dc.subject.other Alzheimer es_ES
dc.subject.other Caregiving en_US
dc.subject.other Dementia en_US
dc.subject.other Depression en_US
dc.subject.other Spanish-speaking en_US
dc.subject.other Latino es_ES
dc.subject.other Cuidadores es_ES
dc.subject.other Demencia es_ES
dc.subject.other Depresión es_ES
dc.subject.other Hispano hablantes es_ES
dc.subject.other Latinos es_ES
dc.title Cross-Cultural Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the CES-D in Spanish and Mexican dementia caregivers en_US
dc.type article en_US
dc.subject.eciencia Psicología es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.5209/rev_SJOP.2012.v15.n2.38890 en_US
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 783 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationissue 2 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage 792 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 15 es_ES
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. SEJ2006-02489/PSIC es_ES
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. PSI2009-08132/PSIC es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion en_US
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess en_US

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