Chocolate and health-related quality of life: A prospective study

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dc.contributor.author Balboa-Castillo, Teresa
dc.contributor.author López-García, Esther
dc.contributor.author León-Muñoz, Luz María
dc.contributor.author Pérez-Tasigchana, Raúl F.
dc.contributor.author Banegas, José Ramón
dc.contributor.author Rodríguez-Artalejo, Fernando
dc.contributor.author Guallar-Castillón, Pilar
dc.contributor.other UAM. Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública y Microbiología es_ES
dc.contributor.other Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Hospital Universitario de La Paz (IdiPAZ) es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2016-06-15T16:26:07Z
dc.date.available 2016-06-15T16:26:07Z
dc.date.issued 2015-04-22
dc.identifier.citation PlLos ONE 10.4 (2015): e0123161 es_ES
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203 es_ES
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10486/671441
dc.description.abstract Background Chocolate consumption has been associated with a short-term reduction in blood pressure and cholesterol, and improvement of insulin sensitivity; however, participants could not be aware of presenting hypertension or hypercholesterolemia. Moreover, the effect of chocolate on mental health is uncertain. This study assessed the association of regular chocolate consumption with the physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) components of health-related quality of life (HRQL). Materials and methods We analyzed data from a cohort of 4599 individuals recruited in 2008–2010 and followed-up once prospectively to January 2013 (follow-up mean: 3.5 years). Regular chocolate consumption was assessed at baseline with a validated diet history. HRQL was assessed with the SF-12 v.2 at baseline and at follow-up. Analyses were performed with linear regression and adjusted for the main confounders, including HRQL at baseline. Results At baseline, 72% of the study participants did not consume chocolate, 11% consumed 10 g/day and 17% >10 g/day. Chocolate consumption at baseline did not show an association with PCS and MCS of the SF-12 measured three years later. Compared to those who did not consume chocolate, the PCS scores were similar in those who consumed 10g/day (beta: -0.07; 95% confidence interval (95% CI): -0.94 to 0.80) and in those who consumed >10g/day (beta: 0.02; 95% CI:-0.71 to 0.75); corresponding figures for the MCS were 0.29; 95% CI: -0.67 to 1.26, and -0.57; 95%CI: -1.37 to 0.23. Similar results were found for sex, regardless of obesity, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes or depression Conclusions No evidence was found of an association between chocolate intake and the physical or mental components of HRQL en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Baseline data collection (ENRICA study) was funded by Sanofi-Aventis. Data collection during follow-up was funded by FIS grant 09/162 (Ministry of Health of Spain). Funding specific for this analysis was obtained from FIS grants PI11/01379 and PI12/ 1166 (Ministry of Health of Spain), and from the "Cátedra UAM de Epidemiología y Control del Riesgo Cardiovascular" en_US
dc.format.extent 11 pag. es_ES
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso eng en
dc.publisher Public Library of Science en_US
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS ONE en_US
dc.rights © 2015 Balboa-Castillo et al. es_ES
dc.subject.other Chocolate es_ES
dc.subject.other Blood pressure en_US
dc.subject.other Cholesterol en_US
dc.title Chocolate and health-related quality of life: A prospective study en_US
dc.type article en
dc.subject.eciencia Medicina es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123161 es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0123161 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage e0123161 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationissue 4 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage e0123161 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 10 es_ES
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. PI11/01379 es_ES
dc.relation.projectID Gobierno de España. PI12/ 1166 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion en_US
dc.rights.cc Reconocimiento es_ES
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess en
dc.authorUAM Banegas Banegas, José Ramón (261477)


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