Learning and recall of medical treatment-related information in older adults using the differential outcomes procedure

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dc.contributor.author Plaza, Victoria
dc.contributor.author Molina, Michael
dc.contributor.author Fuentes, Luis J.
dc.contributor.author Estévez, Angeles F.
dc.contributor.other UAM. Departamento de Psicología Básica es_ES
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-01T12:53:54Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-01T12:53:54Z
dc.date.issued 2018-02-14
dc.identifier.citation Frontiers in Physiology 9 February (2018): Article 157 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1664-042X es_ES
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10486/685230
dc.description.abstract It has recently been reported that the differential outcomes procedure (DOP) might be one of the therapeutical techniques focused at promoting autonomy in the elderly to deal with their medical issues. Molina et al. (2015) found that a group of healthy young adults improved their learning and long-term retention of six disorder/pill associations when each relationship to be learned was associated with a particular reinforcer (the differential outcomes condition) compared to when they were randomly administered (the non-differential outcomes condition). In the present study, we extend these findings to older adults who usually show difficulties to remember to take their medications as prescribed. Participants were asked to learn the association between three pills and the specific time at the day when they had to take each medication. Two memory tests were also performed 1 h and 1 week after completing the training phase. Results showed a faster learning of the task and long-term retention of the previously learned associations (pill/time of day) when differential outcomes were used. Furthermore, the older adults' performance in the learning and memory phases did not differ from that of the younger adults in the DOP condition. These findings demonstrate that this procedure can help elderly people to ameliorate not only their learning, but also their long-term memory difficulties, suggesting the potential for the DOP to promote adherence to treatment in this population. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This work was supported by grants from the Chilean Ministry of Education to VP and MM (Conicyt-Fondecyt Initiation 11140365), from the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness to AFE (PSI2015-65248-P, FEDER funding) and LJF (PSI2017-84556-P, FEDER funding), and from Fundación Séneca (19267/PI/14) to LJF en_US
dc.format.extent 7 pag. es_ES
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso eng en
dc.publisher Frontiers Media en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Frontiers in Psychology en_US
dc.rights © 2018 Plaza, Molina, Fuentes and Estévez es_ES
dc.subject.other Adherence to treatment en_US
dc.subject.other Aging en_US
dc.subject.other Differential outcomes procedure en_US
dc.subject.other Learning en_US
dc.subject.other Long-term memory en_US
dc.title Learning and recall of medical treatment-related information in older adults using the differential outcomes procedure en_US
dc.type article en
dc.subject.eciencia Psicología es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversion https://doi.org/0.3389/fpsyg.2018.00157 es_ES
dc.identifier.doi 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00157 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationfirstpage 157-1 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationissue February en_US
dc.identifier.publicationlastpage 157-7 es_ES
dc.identifier.publicationvolume 9 es_ES
dc.type.version info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion en
dc.rights.cc Reconocimiento es_ES
dc.rights.accessRights openAccess en


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